What is developmental apraxia of speech?
is a neurogenic impairment involving
planning, executing and sequencing motor movements.
affects the programming of the articulators and rapid sequences
of muscle movements for speech sounds (often associated with hypotonia and sensory
involves nonspeech movements (e.g., blowing, puckering,
licking food from the lips)." Dr. Marilyn Agin
Developmental apraxia of speech is also referred to as developmental verbal
dyspraxia. There is generally no detectable physical cause for the condition.
Children with apraxia respond well to therapy techniques like those used for
adults who have adult-onset (acquired) apraxia (due to a stroke or
other incident of anoxia).
Apraxia Presentation by Marilyn C. Agin, MD
Oral Apraxia or Oral Motor Warning Signs by Lisa Geng with assistance from
Sara R. Johnson, CCC/SLP
(Mom)? An excellent editorial written by a parent of a child with an oral
motor speech disorder about some of the trials and tribulations of getting an
accurate diagnosis. By Lindsay Chase Wheaton.
Recommendations of Frequency and Intensity of Speech Therapy for Apraxia
For use when advocating for increased frequency of therapy sessions from insurance
on One Therapy:
Review of Apraxia Remediation
For use when advocating for one-on-one therapy (versus "group" therapy
sessions) from insurance or school
Websites and Citations
Literature about Apraxia
News about Apraxia
Video and Audio Tapes about Apraxia
Apraxia on the Internet
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